Channeling End-User Creativity: Leveraging Live Streaming for Distributed Collaboration in Indie Game Development

More recently, live streaming has been widely used by communities that focus on creativity and innovation to live broadcast their projects and technological processes, seek feedback and support, and interact with the audience in real time. One such community is the independent [indie] game development community. Indie game developers are those who do not affiliate with large game companies or publishers but make and publish games in alternative ways such as self-funding/publishing, small teams/studios, and free labor. 
The study explores the role of live streaming in distributed collaborative software development using indie game development, an end-user-driven creative community, as an example.
Conceptualized and developed the framing and research questions; Analyzed the data; wrote manuscripts

Lingyuan Li, Guo Freeman, & Nathan J. McNeese. (2022). Channeling End-User Creativity: Leveraging Live Streaming for Distributed Collaboration in Indie Game Development. Proc. ACM Hum.-Comput. Interact. 6, CSCW2, Article 282 (November 2022), 28 pages. one of the biggest and most popular live-streaming platforms in the world
Research Questions
RQ1: How do indie game developers use live streaming to support their collaborative game
development beyond learning and teaching programming?
RQ2: What challenges do indie game developers often encounter when collaborating
through live streaming?
· 27 in-depth semi-structured interviews
· In-depth qualitative analysis: thematic analysis ​​​​​​​
① Facilitating a democratic and participatory model for game development 
② Building a collective presence to increase the public visibility of indie game development
③ Fostering an open and supportive indie culture for collaboration
① Difficulties to identify streams relevant to game development
② Increased distractions from collaborating on game development itself due to information overload, the presence of audiences, and streaming tools 
③ Copyright concerns 
④ Privacy issues
We uniquely bridge previous research on collaborative software development and live streaming. As global events (e.g., COVID-19) have placed more focus on remote work, these insights may not only extend existing theories of collaboration but also point to future research directions to better support emerging forms of distributed collaboration in various types of end-user-driven creative activities. 
We outline three main design implications: 1. make end-user-driven creative streams/communities more identifiable and traceable; 2. mitigate distractions during live streaming; 3. offer more protection for intellectual property, copyright, and privacy.
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